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Scalable RDF Data Compression using X10


Long Cheng, Avinash Malik, Spyros Kotoulas, Tomas Ward, Georgios Theodoropoulos

Publication Type: 
Refereed Conference Meeting Proceeding
The Semantic Web comprises enormous volumes of semi-structured data elements. For interoperability, these elements are represented by long strings. Such representations are not efficient for the purposes of Semantic Web applications that perform computations over large volumes of information. A typical method for alleviating the impact of this problem is through the use of compression methods that produce more compact representations of the data. The use of dictionary encoding for this purpose is particularly prevalent in Semantic Web database systems. However, centralized implementations present performance bottlenecks, giving rise to the need for scalable, efficient distributed encoding schemes. In this paper, we describe an encoding implementation based on the asyn- chronous partitioned global address space (APGAS) parallel programming model. We evaluate performance on a cluster of up to 384 cores and datasets of up to 11 billion triples (1.9 TB). Compared to the state-of-art MapReduce algorithm, we demonstrate a speedup of 2.6 − 7.4× and excellent scalability. These results illustrate the strong potential of the APGAS model for efficient implementation of dictionary encoding and contributes to the engineering of larger scale Semantic Web applications. Keywords-RDF; Parallel compression; dictionary encoding; X10; HPC;
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Conference Location: 
United States of America
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