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Holistic features for real-time crowd behaviour anomaly detection

Publication Type: 
Refereed Conference Meeting Proceeding
Abstract: 
This paper presents a new approach to crowd behaviour anomaly detection that uses a set of efficiently computed, easily interpretable, scene-level holistic features. This low-dimensional descriptor combines two features from the literature: crowd collectiveness [1] and crowd conflict [2], with two newly developed crowd features: mean motion speed and a new formulation of crowd density. Two different anomaly detection approaches are investigated using these features. When only normal training data is available we use a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) for outlier detection. When both normal and abnormal training data is available we use a Support Vector Machine (SVM) for binary classification. We evaluate on two crowd behaviour anomaly detection datasets, achieving both state-of-the-art classification performance on the violent-flows dataset [3] as well as better than real-time processing performance (40 frames per second).
Conference Name: 
2016 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP)
Proceedings: 
2016 IEEE International Conference on Image Processing (ICIP)
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): 
10.1109/ICIP.2016.7532491
Publication Date: 
23/09/2016
Conference Location: 
United States of America
Research Group: 
Institution: 
Dublin City University (DCU)
Open access repository: 
No