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ENHANCING THE DETECTION OF CONCEPTS FOR VISUAL LIFELOGS USING CONTEXTS INSTEAD OF ONTOLOGIES

Authors: 

Peng Wang, Alan Smeaton, Yuchao Zhang, Bo Deng

Publication Type: 
Refereed Conference Meeting Proceeding
Abstract: 
Automatic detection of semantic concepts in visual media is typically achieved by an automatic mapping from low-level features to higher level semantics and progress in automat- ic detection within narrow domains has now reached a satis- factory performance level. In visual lifelogging, part of the quantified-self movement, wearable cameras can automati- cally record most aspects of daily living. The resulting im- ages have a diversity of everyday concepts which severely degrades the performance of concept detection. In this pa- per, we present an algorithm based on non-negative matrix refactorization which exploits inherent relationships between everyday concepts in domains where context is more preva- lent, such as lifelogging. Results for initial concept detection are factorized and adjusted according to their patterns of ap- pearance, and absence. In comparison to using an ontology to enhance concept detection, we use underlying contextual semantics to improve overall detection performance. Results are demonstrated in experiments to show the efficacy of our algorithm.
Conference Name: 
International Workshop on the Visualisation of Heterogeneous Multimedia Content
Proceedings: 
ICME Conference.
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): 
10.NA
Publication Date: 
14/07/2014
Conference Location: 
China
Research Group: 
Institution: 
Dublin City University (DCU)
Open access repository: 
Yes