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Cognitive Performance, Quality and Quantity of Movement Reflect Psychological Symptoms in Adolescents

Authors: 

M Mansoubi, B Weedon, P Esser, N Mayo, M Fazel, W Wade, Tomas Ward, S Kemp, A Delextrat, Helen Dawes

Publication Type: 
Refereed Original Article
Abstract: 
The presentation of unhealthy psychological symptoms are rising sharply in adolescents. Detrimental lifestyle behaviours are proposed as both possible causes and consequences. This study set out to compare selected measures of quality and quantity of movement between adolescents with and without unhealthy psychological symptoms. Using a cross sectional design, 96 participants completed the study from a whole year group of 166, age (13.36±0.48) male 50.6% from a secondary school in Oxfordshire, England as a part of a larger study (EPIC) between January and April 2018. Measures were taken of quality and quantity of movement: reaction/movement time, gait pattern & physical activity, alongside psychological symptoms. Differences in movement behaviour in relation to psychological symptom and emotional problem presentation were determined using ANOVA. In the event of a significant result for the main factor of each parameter, a Bonferroni-corrected post hoc test was conducted to show the difference between categories in each group. Results for both unhealthy psychological symptoms and emotional problems were grouped into four categories (‘Close to average’,‘slightly raised’,‘high’and ‘very high’). Early adolescents with very high unhealthy psychological symptoms had 16.79% slower reaction times (p= 0.003, η p 2= 0.170), 13.43% smaller walk ratio (p= 0.007, η p 2= 0.152), 7.13% faster cadence (p= 0.005, η p 2= 0.149), 6.95% less step time (p= 0.007, η p 2= 0.153) and 1.4% less vigorous physical activity (p= 0.04, η p 2= 0.102) than children with close to average psychological symptoms. Early adolescents with very …
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): 
10.NA
ISSN: 
1303 - 2968
Publication Status: 
In Press
Date Accepted for Publication: 
Tuesday, 4 February, 2020
Publication Date: 
01/06/2020
Journal: 
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Volume: 
19
Pages: 
364 - 373
Institution: 
Dublin City University (DCU)
Open access repository: 
Yes
Publication document: