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Improving data driven decision making through integration of environmental sensing technologies

Authors: 

Tim Sullivan, Jian Zhang, Edel O’Conno, Ciprian Briciu-Burghina, Brendan Heery, Leonardo Gualano, Alan Smeaton, Noel O'Connor, Fiona Regan

Publication Type: 
Refereed Conference Meeting Proceeding
Abstract: 
Coastal and estuarine zones contain vital and increasingly exploited resources. Traditional uses in these areas (transport, fishing, tourism) now sit alongside more recent activities (mineral extraction, wind farms). However, protecting the resource base upon which these marine-related economic and social activities depend requires access to reliable and timely data. This requires both acquisition of background (baseline) data and monitoring impacts of resource exploitation on aquatic processes and the environment. Management decisions must be based on analysis of collected data to reduce negative impacts while supporting resource-efficient, environmentally sustainable uses. Multi-modal sensing and data fusion offer attractive possibilities for providing such data in a resource efficient and robust manner. In this paper, we report the results of integrating multiple sensing technologies, including autonomous multi-parameter aquatic sensors with visual sensing systems. By focussing on salinity measurements, water level and freshwater influx into an estuarine system; we demonstrate the potential of modelling and data mining techniques in allowing deployment of fewer sensors, with greater network robustness. Using the estuary of the River Liffey in Dublin, Ireland, as an example, we present the outputs and benefits resulting from fusion of multi-modal sensing technologies to predict and understand freshwater input into estuarine systems and discuss the potential of multi-modal datasets for informed management decisions.
Conference Name: 
Conference Oceans
Proceedings: 
OCEANS’13 MTS/IEEE
Digital Object Identifer (DOI): 
10.NA
Publication Date: 
01/07/2013
Conference Location: 
United States of America
Research Group: 
Institution: 
Dublin City University (DCU)
Open access repository: 
Yes